Cannabis & Hemp Harvesting
The tumbler on the Mobius Trimmer M108S is referred to as an AirThread Tension Tumbler because it is constructed of aircraft-grade cable, (rather than the traditional perforated-metal tumblers), and because the cylindrical shape of the tumbler is held in place by air pressure.
See more on the AirThread Tension Tumbler page.
One of the two dominant trimming machine styles. Batch-style trimmers have a specific amount of product put into the machine, and the machine runs the trimming process without any product entering or exiting the machine for a specific amount of time. It trims product in “batches”, hence the name. This is compared to a throughput-style trimmer, where product is continuously moved through the machine. Batch-style trimmers are currently only designed for trimming dry.
The bed knife is the stationary portion of the two cutting edges in an automated trimmer.
The speed at which the blades rotate in a cannabis trimming machine.
Removing the cannabis flower from the stem of the plant. When wet trimming, the stem is cut off as close as possible to the flower. When dry trimming, about 12 to 16 inches of stem is left intact behind the flower to be used for hanging during the curing process.
Abbreviation: CBD. One of the many chemical compounds found in cannabis. It does not produce the “high” associated with cannabis. CBD is one of the compounds from the cannabis plant currently being used to treat a variety of illnesses, including epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. It is in pre-clinical trials and research for treatment of many other conditions. Both the THC and CBD content are listed on most cannabis products.
An apparatus made up of a wheel and mounting plate secured to the bottom of an item to facilitate easy movement. All Mobius machines sit on 4 locking casters allowing equipment to be rolled into place and then locked to prevent movement while in use.
The process of removing unwanted physical substances from an object or environment. Cannabis trimming machines are generally cleaned at least after every usage session, often much more frequently.
The presence of an unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in a substance or environment. When using cannabis trimming machines, contamination concerns can come from: mold; paint, oil or metal flaking off the machine into the product; cleaning agents; or even cross-contamination between strains.
An automated method for moving material from one processing stage to another. In a commercial harvesting environment, conveyors are often placed at the outfeed of a Bucker to bring material to a Trimmer, and in front of the Trimmer to enable consistent loading. They can also be placed at the outfeed side of a Trimmer to facilitate for quality control inspection.
Corrosion resistance refers to how well a substance, particularly a metal, can withstand damage caused by oxidation or other chemical reactions. Besides intrinsic corrosion resistance, a metal’s resistance to corrosion can be increased by applying different methods such as coating, painting and applying a corrosion inhibitor. There are no materials that are resistant to all corrosion in all environments.
A person who plants, tends to, harvests, or improves (plants) by labour and skill.
Curing is an extended drying process that comes after the initial drying phase in cannabis harvesting. During curing, moisture is systematically and slowly removed in order to enhance a flower’s smell, flavor, and potency.
The cut length of a trimming machine is the total length of the cutting edges. For example, the Mobius Trimmer M108S has 3 blade cartridges (helical blade and bed knife pairs) that are each 36” long. So the total cut length would be 108” (36” x 3 blade cartridges). See also: ‘Triflex Blade System’
Commonly used but ineffective measurement for trimming machine efficiency. In a trimming machine with a perforated sheet metal tumbler, this measurement is usually taken every time the two cutting edges (bedknife and reel) make contact under a slot in the tumbler. Does not indicate whether a cut on a leaf is actually made. Has no relevance or connection to actual performance, is considered a false measurement created by marketers.
Also called ‘baghouses’, these fabric filters are used to separate dust, dirt and plant particles from the air, retaining the particulate matter and allowing the clean air to escape. The Mobius Trimmer M108S makes use of a filter system to clean the air as it passes from the AirThread Tension Tumbler to the Trim Tote and becomes laden with small cannabis particulate.
Abbreviation: GMP. A set of rules and procedures related to the handling, cleaning, quality assurance and packaging processes in manufacturing facilities and the products they make. Many countries, including Canada, the United States, the European Union and Australia, have legislated that food and pharmaceutical manufacturers follow GMP procedures to ensure that a food or drug product is safe for human consumption.
A harvesting process where the small leaves covering the flowers are removed by hand with scissors. Partly for aesthetic reasons, the trimmer can decide how much to remove and how ‘clean’ they want the bud to be. The trim (removed leaf material) can be used for extracts and oils. See also: ‘Trim’.
Also called an INPUT CHUTE or SHROUD, the hopper sits directly in front of the opening of the tumbler to assist in loading, as well as restrict hand access to tumbler.
Changing out specific dirty components for clean components mid-session, without cleaning the entire machine. Specifically, referring to components that are susceptible to resin buildup, like the bed knives, AirThread Tension Tumbler, and helical blades. A hot swap on the M108S can be done in less than five minutes. Ex: The LP had a 10-hour trim session but did a hot-swap at 5 hours to extend the time between cleaning.
Kief refers to the trichomes of cannabis that may accumulate in containers or be sifted from loose, dry cannabis flower with a mesh screen or sieve. Kief contains a much higher concentration of psychoactive cannabinoids, such as THC, than that of the cannabis flowers from which it is derived.
The output weight, in kilos or kilograms, generated in one hour. Note, this measure can be further specified as wet weight or dry weight. I.E. “When trimming wet, the output weight of the Mobius is up to 90 kilograms per hour. That equates to approximately 18 kilograms per hour of dried material.”
The percentage of moisture contained within the cannabis flower. The term is usually used during the drying or curing phase. A cultivator will be routinely checking the moisture content of the flowers to determine if they are ready to move from drying to curing, or from curing to packaging.
Non-reactive materials are substances that will not interact with, or breakdown when exposed to, another substance. For example, cast iron and copper are often used for cookware because of how evenly and effectively they conduct heat, but if used to cook with acidic ingredients (i.e. tomatoes or lemon juice), the food will pick up chemical elements from the reactive cookware. Non-reactive materials, such as stainless steel, do not react or interfere with the chemical structure of the input substance, (including cannabis).
A parts washer is a piece of equipment used to remove contaminants or debris from workpieces. This is distinctly different from pressure washing in that a parts washer typically cleans parts automatically in an enclosed cabinet, while a pressure washer typically has a single spray jet mounted at the end of a manually operated wand. In the case of the M108S, a parts washer could be used to clean all of the removable parts of the machine.
The output weight, in pounds, generated in one hour. Note, this measure can be further specified as wet weight or dry weight. I.E. “When trimming wet, the output weight of the Mobius is up to 200 pounds per hour. That equates to approximately 40 pounds per hour of dried material.”
Also called a reel blade, or cut head, the reel is the rotating edge that is one of the two cutting edges (the other is the bed knife) in an automated, throughput-style trimming machine. It is called a reel because of their original use in old, reel-style lawnmowers. The Mobius Trimmer M108S does not use a reel, but a trio of smaller diameter “helical blades.” See also: ‘TriFlex Blade System’.
Resin is the sticky byproduct of the cannabis plant produced in various areas but heavily concentrated in the trichomes on the cannabis flower. Cannabinoids (CBD & THC) and terpenes are contained in the resin.
Rosin is a solvent-less extraction technique that uses heat and pressure to extract the resin from the cannabis plant, (compared to other, more complicated extraction methods which often involve solvents like butane or propane).
A series of step-by-step instructions designed by a company or organization to explain complex operations in order to achieve efficient output and consistent performance by employees while ensuring methods adhere to standard industry regulations.
A trimming process in which two machines are placed front-to-back to improve volume without increasing labor costs.
Terpenes are fragrant organic compounds that give cannabis its aromatic diversity. These oils are secreted from the flower’s trichomes (the same way that cannabinoids are secreted). Terpenes are not unique to cannabis; they can be found in many other plants, herbs, and fruits.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is one of many compounds found in the resin secreted by glands (trichomes) of the cannabis plant. It is the chemical responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
A trimming machine in which the product is continuously moved through the machine, compared to a batch-style trimmer. This style of trimmer was developed in 1997 by Ryan Hall. Throughput-style trimmers can trim wet or dry and are the most common type of trimmer seen in commercial cannabis cultivation. See also: ‘Batch-style Trimmer’
The trichomes on a cannabis plant are the tiny, bulbous glands that form on the leaves and buds, typically appearing around the flowering phase of plant growth. This is where the bulk of the THC and other cannabinoids are found
The cutting system in the Mobius Trimmer M108S. The “tri” represents the three helical blades (compared to traditional trimmers that have only one). The “flex” is a representation of the flexible bed knives, which “walk” along the helical blades, imitating the actions of scissors, or shears.
The trim can refer to the larger leaves which are removed from the stem of the plant before bucking, as well as the smaller, unwanted leaves around the bud which are removed to expose the flower. While not as valuable as the trimmed flower, trimmed leaf material is usually covered in trichomes and has value for use in edibles, oils, etc.
Trim quality usually refers to the closeness or shagginess of the trimmed flower and varies from machine to machine. A high trim quality typically indicates a very close trim on the flower, while a low trim quality indicates a shaggier, looser trim on the flower. Alternatively, the term ‘trim quality’ could be used to describe the condition of the plant material (leaves) that have been trimmed off the buds. If it has been sliced cleanly, as if by scissors, this would be a high trim quality. If it has been torn apart or smooshed this would be a low trim quality.
Once the top of the marijuana plant is removed (see: bucking), the small leaves around the bud need to be cut away to expose the flower. If using a commercial trimming machine, the buds are processed through a tumbler where blades cut the small leaves from the buds and this trim is filtered into a bucket using a separator system. Most commercial trimmers use hoses to suck the newly-cut trim into an external bucket. The Mobius Trimmer M108S is the only automated trimming machine to feature an Integrated Separation System – an internal structure through which the trim is filtered into a Trim Tote.
A long, cylindrical brush housed in the lid assembly of the throughput-style trimmers adjacent to the tumbler. As the tumbler rotates, the tumbler brush ensures that plant material is not caught in the tumbler walls.
Describes how quickly a tumbler in a commercial cannabis trimming machine rotates.
Throughput-style trimming machines that feature a tumbler are often tilted or raised higher on the input end, with the output end being lower. This is to speed up the flowers moving through the tumbler. The degree to which the input end of the machine is raised is referred to as the tumbler tilt or tumbler angle. The Mobius Trimmer M108S allows the user to control the angle of the AirThread Tension Tumbler electronically while it’s operating.
The Variable Function System is a feature on the Mobius Trimmer M108S that allows users to adjust the vacuum flow rate, blade speed, tumbler speed, and machine tilt. These controls are all found on a unified panel at the front of the machine. The dials on the VFS go from 0 to 11, a nod to cult classic film This Is Spinal Tap
The amount of product a trimming machine can trim in a specified period of time. Usually measured in pounds per hour or kilos per hour. Note: Volume measurements vary greatly based on whether wet weight measurements or dry weight measurements are used.